When it comes to discussing what causes kidney stones, there are plenty of vital aspects that need to be taken into consideration. Medical researchers are not always able to suggest causes for kidney problems. According to a recent research study, the number of individuals developing kidney stones is quickly growing. Research studies conducted in the 1970s demonstrated the fact that less than 4% Americans suffered from kidney stones. However, as per the current medical research, over 5% of the Americans will end up developing a kidney stone in their lifetime.
There are certain factors that may pose more risks than the other aspects. If you are male and over 40 years old, you fall in the highest risk group. Women and African Americans have a lower risk of developing these stones. Also, women over 50 have lower risk of developing kidney stones. With that said, there are some specific diseases that increase the risk for developing kidney stones in any age, race, or population group.
It is often believed that family history plays a major role in the development of this problem. Likewise, 70 percent of people suffering from a disease known as renal tubular acidosis will develop kidney stones. In addition to that, there are several other factors that contribute to this growing medical condition, which are as follows:
· Urine contains high amounts of cystine, which may not be dissolved and can be execrated. This extra amount of cystine can form kidney stones.
· Urine contains high quantities of oxalate, which may not fully dissolve in urine.
· The body absorbs excessive amounts of calcium, which cannot be dissolved into urine and may lead to bladder and kidney stone disease. This condition is usually inherited and may account for nearly 50% of all individuals who develop kidney stones.
· Urinary tract infections can be a major cause behind the development of kidney stones.
· Overuse of calcium antacids or misuse of diuretics can be another major cause.
With that said, kidney stones can be caused by a variety of factors, with majority being related to the absorption of too much calcium. If other people in your family have suffered from this disease, urinalysis could help you figure out if you are also at risk of developing this problem. If you have hypercalciuria, there are certain foods that you need to avoid, in order to lower the risk of developing this disease. These foods include spinach, chocolate, wheat germ, black tea, peanuts, strawberries, grits, chard, and liver. All of these foods may produce extra amounts of oxalate, which can lead to greater risk of kidney problems.
If you consider yourself prone to urinary tract infections, then you need to ensure that you see a doctor on regular basis to get proper treatment before you develop kidney stones. Ignoring infections for an extended period of time can accumulate these stones and/or eventually require surgical removal. If you think that you are at risk of developing this medical condition, then you need to immediately see a doctor to discuss the ways that you may be able to reduce your risk factor.